Harminder Sahib In Patna
The Other Side of Bihar Life
When talking about pilgrimage in Bihar, the first image that comes to the mind is of the Mahabodhi Temple and Buddhist monks. But Bihar is so much more than Buddhism. It is home to people of all religion which means one can find pilgrimage spots belonging to all religions. The religious tolerance that the people of Bihar show is really something commendable.
Some of which are considered among the holiest in India. However, Mahabodhi Temple and the adjacent Bodhi Tree deserve a special mention. They are not only the most revered Buddhist site in India, but are considered the apex in entire world. Buddhist Pilgrims from around the world come here to attend sermons and lectures. It was under this Bodhi Tree that Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. Bihar is dotted with Buddhist structures that are spread to all corners in Bihar.
Mahabodhi Temple is the main shrine for Buddhsit pilgrims from around the world. Situated in Bodhgaya, Mahabodhi Temple is a part of Buddhsit's life since the period of Emperor Ashoka. He installed the site with his trademark pillar and stone railing in 1st century AD, part of which still stands. The structure of the present Mahabodhi Temple was built in the second century. With time, many additions and changes were made to the temple and it acquired the present shape. In the year 2002, the temple was recognized as a World heritage Site by UNESCO. Spread in an area of 45 sq m, the main structure rises to a height of 54 m above the ground. The carvings on the stones on the outside of the temple depicts scenes from the life of Buddha. Inside, there is a colossal image of Lord Buddha touching the earth with his right hand. It is believed that Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. The courtyard has many stupas scattered in all directions.
Right adjacent to the temple, at the backside towards west, is the famous Bodhi Tree that is believed to be a distant offshoot of the original Bodhi Tree under which Lord Buddha attained enlightenment. The original tree was destroyed by Emperor Ashoka before his conversion to the religion.
Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara is the birth place of the 10th and the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. The Gurudwara is situated in the Chowk area in the capital city of Patna. To the Sikh community, this place is known as Patna Sahib. Inside, many relics belonging to Guru Gobind Singh. The items include a 'Pangura' (cradle) with four stands and plated in gold, four iron arrows, sacred sword of the Guru, and a pair of his sandals. A book which contains the written rules given by Guru Gobind Singh and Guru Tegh Bahadur is also displayed in the Gurudwara which is considered a sacred book in Sikh Religion.
Sher Shah Suri Masjid
Sher Shah Suri Masjid was built by Sher Shah Suri in the year 1540 to commemorate his victory and reign. Built this early, the Masjid has become a landmark in Patna and one of the most important Mosque in Bihar. The mosque gives us an insight into the splendors of Afghan architecture and is considered a masterpiece of this style. Inside the Mosque, there is tomb with an octagonal stone slab over it. On top of the mosque, there is a big dome in the center which is surrounded by four smaller ones. The mosque is situated in the center of Patna and is easily accessible from all corners of the city.
Pathar Ki Masjid
Built in the year 1621 by Parvezsah, the son of Jehangir, Pathar Ki Masjid is also known as Sanji Masjid, Saif Khan's Mosque and Chimmi Ghat Mosque. The beautiful marvel is situated right adjacent to Harmandirji and by the side of River Ganga.
Bihar is a sacred place for not just one but all religions. There is at least one Pilgrimage site belonging to all religions that make Bihar among the holiest places in India and a must visit for all pilgrims. And the beauty and grandeur of these places makes them a wonderful place to tour as well.
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