Buddhism is a philosophy of life based on the teachings of Lord Buddha,
which subsequently turned into a religion. The core of Buddhism lies in the
purification of mind and soul by realising the truth and getting rid of the
worldly desires. The Buddhist philosophy teaches one to develop the
qualities of awareness, kindness and wisdom through Buddhist practices such
as practicing Eightfold Path, Five Precepts, Four Noble Truths, meditation
and yoga. Basically, it were the principles of Karma in the doctrine of
Buddhism that made the religion one of the major ones in the world.
Four Noble Truths
According to the Buddhist principles or religion, the four noble truths are
the practical aspects of everyone's life. The four noble truths basically
deals with how we are leading the present moment and how this moment would
determine our future! The first noble truth is suffering, a condition that
all living beings experience in various forms. The second noble truth states
that the cause of suffering is craving or selfish desire. However, the third
noble truth or Nirvana is a state which transcends all the sufferings and
the fourth noble truth is the Noble Eightfold Path, the Buddha's teaching on
the way to attain Nirvana.
The Eightfold path, as per the Buddhist doctrine, provides a being a
practical guideline to ethical and mental development by freeing the person
from attachments and delusions, and thus, paves way to the quest for truth.
All the eight noble ways of the Eightfold Path - Right View, Right
Intention, Right Livelihood, Right Speech, Right Action, right Effort, Right
Mindfulness and Right Concentration, combine together to stand on the
threshold of the noble or transcendent attainments for freedom of a being
from the worldly desires and leads him to nirvana.
Buddhist religion mentions the Dhamma for the human beings in the form of
moral conducts to make the human world bearable or a place to live in with
dignity. The five precepts forbids a Buddhist from making bad deeds in
speech and body and to serve as the basis for further growth in the Dhamma.
These precepts mentions to refrain from incorrect speech, to refrain from
sexual misconduct, to refrain from taking something which is not given, to
refrain from destroying living creatures and last but not the least, to
refrain from intoxicating drinks and drugs which lead to carelessness.
The Buddhist religion emphasises on the practice of meditation, which
enables a being to win over the 'negative' delusions by strengthening the
inner 'self' through virtuous and peaceful mind. The meditative practices
make a being more constructive in nature, so much so that he is content with
whatever he gets and work for the welfare of the other beings. The basic
meditation techniques can be practiced by anybody, but if one wants to soak
all the drops of spirituality and go beyond basic meditation, it becomes
important for him to believe in the three jewels - Buddha, Dharma and
Today, all over the world, there are approximately over 360 million
followers of Buddhism, who follow different forms of Buddhism - Theravada,
Mahayana, Tantrayana and Zen. But, all the traditions of The Buddhist
religion preaches the same values..same teachings - non-violence, truth,
love and compassion, tolerance of differences, the path of nirvana and the
practice of meditation.